I-C04: Urbanization effects on consumption patterns, dietary diversification, and human nutritional status in Bangalore

Project summary.

This project aims to empirically study transition processes in the rural-urban food system and nutritional status in the rural-urban interface of Bangalore with particular emphasis on diet related disease patterns and gender. India᾽s middle class consumers are major drivers of social-economic and environmental transition and increasingly important demanders for ecosystem services of Bangalore᾽s rural-urban interface. Hence, this project will focus on the rapidly growing social segment of middle-class households pursuing an urban lifestyle.

This project will study the nutritional status and diet-related disease patterns among middle-class households using a detailed, spatially explicit household survey of both consumption and anthropometric data. The major objectives of C04 are to provide an evidence-based and process-oriented understanding of middle-class households᾽ state of food practices in transition, to reveal drivers, social discourses, governance procedures and policies regarding the transition toward food sustainability, and to estimate impacts of middle-class food practices on the rural-urban food system. This study will cast light on the hypothesis that changes in the levels of dietary intake and physical activity and thus nutritional needs due to new opportunities for employment, income generation and consumer preferences regarding health and nutrition will lead to new outcomes concerning health and diet-related diseases. A structured schedule will be used to elicit information on consumption pattern, dietary transition and diet-related diseases among urban middle classes in the rural-urban interface of Bangalore. Gender-related impacts will be of particular interest.